Aug 11, 2010

How Green Revolution Played Havoc With Mexican Agriculture

Mexico is the land of origin of the Green Revolution. It is here that the so called miracle seeds of dwarf wheat were first evolved. Norman Borlaug's wheat magic did cast a spell in far away India, which spread like a wild fire across the developing world. It literally sowed the seeds of what was later dubbed as the Green Revolution.

While the 2nd generation-environmental impacts of Green Revolution have played havoc with the natural resource base across continents, the destruction of the farm lands, and the plight of the dying farmers, is being hastily buried under the aggressive launch of the Second Green Revolution. To avoid the finger of suspicion pointing towards them, the international scientific community in collaboration with the agribusiness industry and the policy makers, are in a desperate hurry to create a smokescreen that hides the great tragedy.

Four decades after Green Revolution was launched, the world is still to come to grips with the devastation it wrought to the farm lands -- the fertile and verdant lands gasping for breath; chemical pesticides not only disrupting the insect equilibrium, but resulting in more savage pest attack besides contaminating the food chain; and the relentless mining of groundwater drying up the hemisphere. Intensive agriculture has already brought the world to a boiling point.

Added to the destruction of farm lands, the growing emphasis on corporatisation of agriculture which includes futures trading, free trade in agriculture and the strengthening of big box food retail has already brought the food chain into the hands of a few food giants/agribusiness companies. Farming communities wordwide have been marginalised in the process, and I am sure the day is not far away when farmers will disappear from the face of the Earth.

The extinction of the farm communities is actually a process that began more or less with the advent of Green Revolution. Those who promoted Green Revolution, it is now becoming clear, were not aware of the hidden design. The complete take over of agricultural research and education across the globe by the US land grant system came in handy to programme the scientific mindset. The USAID has to be admired the way it helped change the scientific brains to the virtues of the intensive farming systems as the only way forward.

Anyway, I came across this interesting insight into Mexican agriculture, which I feel I must draw your attention to. Jill Richardson, author of Recipe for America: Why Our Food System is Broken and What Can we do it to Fix it, travelled to 'see the Green Revolution first hand'. Here is her report.

The US Ploy to Promote Genetically Engineered Seeds and Pesticides to Poor Mexican Farmers Is Impoverishing Their Communities.
By Jill Richardson


Anonymous said...

Thank you for your article.

Here is another article on the Green Revolution. We only need change one letter to be accurate about it. The Greed Revolution.
The Green Revolution's field of dreams: India has grown a magnificent Cancer Market

Then it's easier to understand what they mean when they say the first one worked but only up to a point and now they want a second more powerful one. The Second Greed Revolution.

Linn Cohn-Cole

Ramesh Dubey said...

आदरणीय देवेंद्र जी मेक्‍सिकों की कृषि की बदहाली और मनुष्‍यों के कुपोषण के माध्‍यम से आपने हरित क्रांति की कड़वी हकीकत का सटीक विश्‍लेषण किया । दरअसल हरित क्रांति दुनिया से भुखमरी मिटाने के लिए नहीं अपितु खेती-किसानी का व्‍यापारीकरण करने की बहुराष्‍ट्रीय कंपनियों की कुटिल चाल का नतीजा है । यही भारत में हुआ । आज दुग्‍ध उत्‍पादकों के घर पहुंचने पर दूध, दही, छाह के बजाय चाय से ही स्‍वागत होता है । इसका कारण है कि दूध उत्‍पादक अब स्‍वयं के लिए नहीं अपितु बाजार के लिए पशुपालन कर रहे हैं । जिन खेतों में पहले साल भर कोई न कोई फसल उगाई जाती थी वही खेत अब गेहूं, धान की खेती तक सिमट कर रह गए हैं । कभी पैदा कर दाल, खाद्य तेल, दूध, सब्‍जी खाने वाला समाज आज आयातित दाल, खाद्य तेल व साप्‍ताहिक बाजारों में बिकने वाली सब्‍जी खाने पर मजबूर है । दूध, दही, छाछ के तो अब महीने एकाध बार ही दर्शन होते हैं । भारत का अन्‍न भण्‍डार कहे जाने वाला पंजाब राज्‍य कुपोषण के मामले में अफ्रीका के सबसे निचली पायदान के देश (गैबान) से भी नीचे है तो उसका कारण यही है । इसी का कुपरिणाम है कि कृषि उपज की बिक्री से प्राप्‍त धन और महानगरों से आए मनीआर्डर का एक बड़ा हिस्‍सा मेडिकल स्‍टोरों व अस्‍पतालों की भेंट चढ़ रहा है ।

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