Mar 24, 2010

Supreme Court shows the mirror on hunger

Sometime your daily newspaper can inflict a pleasant surprise. The Hindustan Times has done it today. In a lead story, "SC report jolts Sonia Gandhi's scheme to fight hunger" (HT, Mar 24, 2010), followed by another report in the inside pages as well as an editorial, it has drawn attention to the national disgrace. I have always been of the opinion that if a major newspaper takes up an issue, even if it is as deep rooted and widespread as hunger and malnutrition, it can make a difference.

I only hope Hindustan Times becomes a catalyst in addressing the most demanding need of the day -- to eradicate hunger.

At the same time, hats off to former Supreme Court Justice D P Wadhwa, who recently submitted a report for the Supreme Court, widening the definition of poverty to every Indian earning less than Rs 100 a day. Since it comes from a Supreme Court panel I am sure it will be taken more seriously. I admire his courage (to say this openly) and his understanding of the ground realities, to propose quite a real poverty line. At present, the poverty line hovers around Rs 14 a day, which we all know is merely an apology.

But the tragedy is that none of the numerous committees, economic surveys and even the Supreme Court's own advisory body on Right to Food had highlighted the dire need to change the poverty line to a more meaningful figure if the issue of growing hunger has to be nipped in the bud.

Thank you, Justice Wadhwa. You have in one stroke done what all the macro economists and policy makers in the country had failed to do for over 60 years now.

This report assumes importance in the light of the proposed National Food Security bill that the Union Cabinet had cleared last week. The proposed bill actually reduced the family food intake that has to be supplied through the public distribution system (PDS) from 35 kg to 25 kg per family. To the BPL families, the 25 kg of foodgrains will be supplied at Rs 3 a kg, which means in actual terms the government has very cleverely reduced the food subsidy.

From the projected allocation of Rs 56,000 crore for 2010-11, the expenditure on food will come down to an estimated Rs 25,428 crore. What a shame. In a country, which fares much worse than sub-Saharan Africa when it comes to hunger and malnutrition, I don't understand why are we shying to fight hunger.

The government somehow gives an impression that the country does not have the money to feed the hungry. Nothing can be further away from truth. If the government could provide an unwanted Rs 3.5 lakh crore as economic stimulus to the industry (which in my opinion actually the industry did not need it), and also provide for Rs 5 lakh crore as revenue foregone in the 2010-11 fiscal, which are the sops and concessions to the industry and business, I see no reason why the government should say it has no money.

What it actually lacks is the political will to fight hunger.

Sonia Gandhi has very right expressed her desire to launch a bold effort to free the nation of hunger. I don't expect her to look at every clause and section of the proposed bill. The mandarins in the Food Ministry, Planning Commission and the Prime Minister Office (PMO) should have seized this opportunity to get the country rid of the shameful scourge of hunger. The fault lies squarely with them.

I hope Sonia Gandhi would take a relook at the proposed bill. There is need to make some radical and drastic changes, and launch a fresh attack on hunger. In some of my earlier postings on hunger, I had made some suggestions. I draw your attention to:

Business as usual will only add on to hunger, and thereby fuel naxalism.

[The Hindustan Times report can be viewed at:]

1 comment:

Ramesh Dubey said...

आदरणीय देवेंद्र जी आपका यह कहना ठीक है कि सरकार बड़ी चतुराई से खाद्यान्‍न सबसिडी कम करने की रणनीति पर काम कर रही है । इसके लिए वह एक ओर तो राष्‍ट्रीय खाद्य सुरक्षा कानून ला रही है दूसरी ओर महंगे दर पर पहले की तुलना कम अनाज देने की योजना बना रही है । लेकिन प्रभावी निगरानी व्‍यवस्‍था के अभाव में यह योजना भी शायद ही सफल हो पाए । दरअसल गरीबों का पेट भरना पहली प्राथमिकता है क्‍योंकि भूखे भजन न होय गोपाला । लेकिन मात्र अनाज बांटने से गरीबी व भुखमरी दूर नहीं होगी क्‍योंकि अनाजों को पकाने, खाने के लिए खाद्य तेल, दाल, पानी आदि चाहिए । आज जिस ढंग से प्राकृतिक संसाधनों पर बहुराष्‍ट्रीय कंपनियां आधिपत्‍य जमाती जा रही हैं उससे गरीबों की रोजी-रोटी पर संकट के बादल मंडराने लगे हैं । आज से दो दशक पहले किसी ने सोचा भी नहीं था कि देश में पानी बोतल में बिकेगा लेकिन आज वह दूध से भी महंगा बिक रहा है । ऐसे में केवल अनाज बांटने से काम नहीं चलने वाला है । सरकार को चाहिए कि वह प्राकृतिक संसाधनों की लूट पर लगाम लगाए और श्रम प्रधान विकास रणनीति अपनाए । खेती की विविधता, बुनकरी में ही वह क्षमता है जो गरीबों का पेट भर सके । भारत अमेरिका तो है नहीं कि ग्रामीणों को खेती से बाहर निकालकर शहरों में बसा दिया जाए । दुर्भाग्‍यवश सरकार इसी (कु)दिशा में अग्रसर है ।

रमेश दुबे