Feb 12, 2010

As I bid adieu to 'Coalition for GM Free India', The Economist acknowledges its role

For quite some time, I had been thinking of saying goodbye to the 'Coalition for GM Free India'. I know it is not easy to leave an organisation/grouping that one has put together with lot of care and nurtured it over the years but there comes a time when one must leave it to those who have grown as we moved forward.

I would have said goodbye much earlier but the quick turn of events made me realise that I still had an incomplete task on hand. We all worked very hard, and finally with the Environment & Forest Minister Jairam Ramesh announcing a moratorium on Bt brinjal the other day, I think this is the right time for me to call it a day.

It is time for me to move on.

I take this opportunity to thank each and every colleague, and wish you still more success in the days ahead. Only a few days back I had traced the history and evolution of the 'Coalition for GM Free India' in one of my blogs. I had also applauded the role played by all of you. The only word of caution I have for you is to see through the efforts that are being made (and will be made more aggressively in future) to take control of this amazing Coalition. If you allow yourself to be dictated, and play in the hands of the divisive forces, the future of the Coalition will be doomed sooner than later.

Thank you very much once again.

Meanwhile, here is a very interesting and quite a true account from The Economist on how the 'Coalition for GM Free India' galvanized the nation, creating awareness and building peoples' resistance to a risky and harmful technology.

India and GM food

Without modification
A setback for GM in India

Feb 11th 2010 | BANGALORE | From The Economist print edition

HUNDREDS of farmers in long, faded cotton sarongs swarmed outside an auditorium at Bangalore University on February 6th. They were waiting for India’s Environment Minister, Jairam Ramesh. This was the last of his public consultations on the commercial release of Bt Brinjal, a genetically modified (GM) aubergine, created by Mahyco, an Indian hybrid-seed company, and Monsanto, an American biotech giant. Waving placards and appetising images of aubergines, known in India as brinjal, they shouted themselves hoarse praising the transgenic vegetable.

But most of these men, registered at the consultation as farmers, were in fact landless labourers with no aubergine experience. Mr Ramesh was the first to call their bluff. The companies, he said, without naming any, had bussed farmers from rural districts, to play the pro-GM crowd at the hearing that day.

The tactic failed miserably. On February 10th Mr Ramesh announced that he would not allow Bt Brinjal to be grown or consumed in India until independent studies could show that it would have no adverse impact on human health, the environment or biodiversity. This overruled the recommendation last October by India’s Genetically Engineered Approvals Committee (GEAC) that Bt Brinjal was safe, in spite of being modified with a gene from the soil bacterium, bacillus thuringiensis.

Mr Ramesh’s seven-city roadshow to canvas public views was unusual. And many were surprised at his decision to snub the seed companies and powerful domestic and American biotech lobbies. GM crops have always been highly controversial in India. But they already account for about 85% of the cotton grown there. Supporters claim that Bt Brinjal could cut losses from insect damage by over 50%, and pesticide usage by 80%.

The moratorium is a victory for what has become India’s first nationwide anti-GM movement. After the GEAC judgment, consumers, medical groups, farmers and state governments mobilised at once to campaign against Bt Brinjal. Hindu-nationalist and Communist politicians rallied to the unmodified brinjal’s cause. Anti-GM groups cried foul over India’s lack of an independent biosafety regulator. They also argued that the guidelines for trials of GM foods are flawed and that studies revealing more about the long-term health dangers had been ignored.

Environmental groups claimed Bt Brinjal might, through cross-pollination, wipe out thousands of indigenous brinjal varieties. Throughout November and December the “Coalition for a GM-Free India”, grouping more than 100 NGOs from 15 states, campaigned at village councils and farmers’ meetings, political rallies and in the non-English press and blogosphere. They held countless protests, fasts and educational drives in public schools.

The crucial step, however, was to enlist the support of the chief ministers of the state governments—a requirement the seed companies seem to have overlooked Under India’s federal constitution, agriculture is a “state subject”. States have the authority to regulate the planting or importing of GM crops. In mid-January the states, one after another, began to declare themselves against the release of Bt Brinjal. With nearly half of India’s 29 states opposed, “a lack of consensus in the scientific community” and an unusually well-organised national protest movement, Mr Ramesh, said his official statement, felt obliged to be “responsible to science and responsive to society” and impose an indefinite moratorium on Bt Brinjal.

1 comment:

Siddanagouda Biradar said...

Dear Devendra Sharma sir and all my friends

Every technology has its own on and off's. Need of hour: Discussion between Scientists, MNC's and Activists/farmers.
We are running an discussion forum since from past 5 years. Interested guys can join. There is mutual discussion between all facets of people for making some meaningfull discussions.
The discussion forum can be viewed at this URL:


PhD Scholar, China