Apr 20, 2009

Farmer Suicides in Punjab

A Punjab Agricultural Univeristy report Farmer & Agricultural Labourers Suicides due to Indebtedness in the Punjab State -- a pilot project of Sangrur and Bathinda districts, submitted to the Punjab government a few days back has sirred a political storm.

The survey report says that 2,990 farmers had committed suicide in just two districts -- 1256 in Bathinda and 1634 in Sangrur district -- between 2000 and 2008. This report, more or less like a household census, is considered to be the first authentic survey documenting the spate of suicides among farmers and agricultural workers.

This report comes within a month of the Punjab government's decision to fix a price for farmer suicides -- Rs 2 lakh to the families of those farmers who have committed suicide in the past one year.

In Sangrur district, 738 farmers who took the fatal path to escape growing indebtedness, had an average outstanding debt of Rs 3.36 lakh per farmer. For another lot of 246 farmers who committed suicide for other reasons, the average outstanding amount standing against their name was Rs 79,935. As far as farm labourers are concerned, the average debt was Rs 70,036.

In Bathinda, the average outstanding due against farmers who could not sustain the growing indebtedness, was Rs 2.94 lakh. As many as 550 farmers belonged to this category. For another lot of 223 farmers who too committed suicide but for other reasons, the average outstanding debt was Rs 85,825. For the workers, the outstanding amount against their name was Rs 47,347 on an average. The report also provides a list of such households.

Meanwhile, another report in The Independent, London, says 1,500 farmers in Chattisgarh State have committed suicide. It blames crop failure and the falling water table to be responsible for the serial death dance. If this is true, I don't see why the Punjab farmers, who are endowed with assured irrigation, have to commit suicide. That means lack of irrigation cannot be the only reason. The PAU report blames growing indebtedness for the spate of suicides. Indebtedness comes from various reasons, and somehow I find we shirk from pointing to the real causes.

Reports about suicides in Vidharba belt in Maharashtra also ascribe it to lack of irrigation and distress sale of produce. While all this may be true, but I sometimes wonder why are we all reluctant to dig it deeper and find out the real causes that triggers indebtedness.

3 comments:

Ramesh said...

PAU ki report green rev. ki kalai khol deta hai. Jo log dusari harit kranti ki bat karte hain unhe seekh lena chahiye.Upar se thopa gaya systen thode samay tak hi safal ho sakta hai.Kheti tabhi labh ka sauda banegi jab use jadon se godkar vividhikrit kiya jai. Jab tak aisa nahin hoga tab tak harit kranti khuni kranti men badalati rahegi.

Surender Dalal . said...

KAM SE KAM HAM YE NAHI MANTE.KISANO PR KARJ KA AUSAT BHAR JAMIN KI KIMMT KO DEKHTE HUE KUCHH BHI NAHI HAE.HARIT KRANTI NE KISAN KO BAJAR MEN LA KHARA KIYA.BAJAR NE ISKE VAJUD KO BHAYANKAR TARIKE SE BAUNA BANA DIYA TATHA SAMAJ SE KAT KAR RAKH DIYA.BAJAR KE IS CHAKARVYUH MEIN AAZ AKELA ABHIMANYU AATAMHATYAON MEIN MUKATI DHUNDH RAHA HAE.

Anonymous said...

Hi Devinder,

I enjoyed your blog. I never fail to deliver your message with the
highest integrity, clarity, and excellence...

How is this problem going to end Devinder? I feel for these people...

I wish you continued success in your quest for justice for the farm
families of India and the world.
If anyone deserves a Nobel Peace Prize it's YOU!

With much respect,
Joe